The key to good signal reception on Starlink is to get the Dish placement right. And even if it seems easy, it does get a bit tricky!
Starlink has been a godsend for people, like my folks back in the countryside, who haven't yet had access to the urban world's uber-fast optical broadband internet services.
But Starlink's promise of faster data speeds and unlimited data caps critically depends on placing the Dish correctly.
According to Starlink, the Starlink Dish should be placed in an open area or an elevated surface with a clear line of sight to the sky. Use the Starlink app to check for obstructions in the field of view. Starlink dish should face northwards in the Northern hemisphere.
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Optimal Starlink Dish Placement: How and Where
But before we discuss the hows and wheres, let's take care of a few requirements.
When you get a Starlink service membership, the service comes with a setup kit that includes the Starlink Dish, a set of PoE cables, the Router, and basic mounting accessories.
While the temporary mount supplied with the Dish is good for impromptu setups, you best explore permanent mounting options for your Starlink Dish for better results.
You may also look into cable extension options if you plan to install the Dish on remote regions of your premise, like on top of a roof or an eave.
Ensure to route the cable efficiently and accurately by avoiding uneven surfaces.
With that said, here's what to look for when setting up the Starlink Dish:
Check the Surface for Mounting
The surface you choose to place your Dish on can make or break the deal.
Choose an uneven surface like a gravel swathe, and you shall not only get unstable reception but also cause damage to the Dish and the mount.
And so, the best surface to place your Starlink Dish would be on an even ground surface or an elevated surface like the Roof or a vertical wall, or an eave.
When placing on the ground with the supplied tripod mount, look for even grounds with minimal elements like gravel, stones, or heavy vegetation.
A lawn or an asphalt patch would be the ideal candidates.
In case of elevated surfaces, best place the Dish on a Roof, a vertical wall, or a roof eave.
Slanting rooftops would be the ideal choice. If you have a wooden roof, scan the surface thoroughly and place the mount on an even plane.
Avoid installing the Dish on thatched roofs.
Survey for Obstructions
Once you have narrowed down the surface best suited for the Dish, scour the area for any visible obstructions.
Starlink demands at least 100 degrees of unobstructed FOV to the sky for optimal communications with satellites.
Fail to satisfy this crucial requirement, and you'll experience drop times and unstable network characteristics.
For ground-mounted Dishes, avoid surfaces with fences, poles, street lamps, buildings, trees, and other vegetation within its vicinity.
In the case of elevated surfaces, steer away from poles, chimneys, trees, and other antennas for better reception.
Starlink Dishes feature inbuilt motors that help the Dish align itself.
And so, it is advised to leave sufficient breathing room immediately below the Dish for the same.
Where to Point the Starlink Dish
Directing the Starlink Dish also affects signal reception.
While mounting the Dish, you may have noticed that it is designed to face the sky directly at an almost 90-degree angle.
And it is advised to keep it likewise.
Also, Starlink recommends directing the Dish towards the North in the Northern Hemisphere and towards the South in the Southern Hemisphere.
Unlike Geostationary satellites, Starlink deploys satellites in clusters (which they call 'shells') towards the North and South of the equator.
And so, Starlink terminals are positioned facing the North, whereas most other Satellite antennas are pointed toward the equator.
But, do not adjust the dish manually by pivoting or tilting the antenna. The Dish houses a couple of motors that automatically align the Dish once it is powered.
If you tinker with motors manually, you could damage them and void your warranty.
Hence, rendering the Dish faulty.
You could also scan the immediate FOV of the Dish through the Starlink app to know the optimal direction in which to point the Dish.
Doing so will also let you know of any obstructions in the communication path of the Dish.
Here's how to do so:
Use the Starlink App to Scan for Obstructions
Obstructions can hinder signal reception severely and cause frequent downtimes.
Hence, it is of vital importance to stay clear of any obstructions in the path of communication of Starlink.
Common obstructions to look out for include trees, fences, walls, chimneys, poles, street lamps, and other antenna equipment.
Fortunately, Starlink does enable its user base to scour the skies and detect any potential obstruction in the line of sight of the Dish before you even set up the mount.
To do so, all you have to do is to log into the Starlink app and follow these instructions:
1. If you're new to the app and opening it for the first time, select Check for Obstructions. Else, select the same option from the Home screen.
2. Go through the instruction, then select I'm Ready.
3. Once your device's camera opens up, point it to the sky and sweep through the different angles as pointed out by the app.
Green dots indicate areas scanned while the arrow points to the general direction towards which you should pan the cam.
4. Click on View Results and wait for the same.
5. You now know where to point the Dish to. (Blue region indicates better reception, while the red dots indicate obstructions)
All you have to do now is to direct the Dish in the recommended direction and power up the device.
Starlink Dish Placement on RVs
Now, when it comes to RVs, Starlink offers a customized plan for RV'ers.
Unlike the residential plan, the Starlink RV plan enables users to use Starlink on the go, albeit with a slight price variation.
To be clear you can also make the Starlink residential plan portable in nature by turning on the portability mode on Starlink.
Regardless of the convenience, Starlink RV, too, exercise some prerequisites and limitations.
The primary constraint associated with Starlink RV is that you can't use it while the vehicle is in-motion.
Starlink can't sustain a connection under heavy wind resistance or strong turbulence.
You can only use the service when parked.
But once you have found a place for the vehicle, you can apply a similar placement procedure as the Residential alternative.
As with the Residential package, the RV plan, too, comes with a similar installation kit.
Place the Dish in an open space (asphalt) and check for obstructions.
You could also install the Dish on top of the RV.
Before buying mounting accessories, check Starlink dish dimensions and your RV's measurements like the thickness of the ladder.
Ensure sufficient breathing room for the Dish to align itself and heed the various RV paraphernalia like antennas, solar panels, vents, and other roof elements.
Avoid mounting the Dish on top of longer poles since wind resistance could affect signal reception.
The Volcano mount from Starlink is a great choice for mounting the Starlink Dish on top of the RV since it is dainty and quite sturdy.
*Note: You'll have to be logged in to your Starlink account to make a purchase.
After installing the Dish and routing the cables, perform the Obstruction recognition test from the Starlink app and set up the service from the same.
If you're a traveller, you will need to mount and unmount your dish often.
Make sure the cable that goes into the dish is snugly connected or the app will show a 'disconnected error'.
As with most satellite services, Starlink's signal reception, too, depends on the Dish placements. An unobstructed view of the sky is an unassailable requirement for stable signal reception.
And we discuss the very same notion of how to properly place the Starlink Dish to acquire the best service you could get out of the same.
With the help of the Starlink app, you could also gauge obstructions that could affect signal transmission in the Dish's surroundings.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Which way should my Starlink face?
Ideally, Starlink Dishes should be directed towards the North in the Northern hemisphere and towards the South in the Southern Hemisphere. Nevertheless, once you set the direction and power up the Dish, it will automatically align the angle of view to connect with Starlink satellites.
How far can Starlink dish be from the house?
The practical distance between the Dish and the Starlink Router is determined solely by the length of the PoE cable. With the supplied cables, you can get about 150 feet of separation between the terminals. You could extend the connection by implementing the cable with aftermarket cables. Only remember that with an increase in cable length, interference could come into play.
Does snow affect Starlink?
Snow, sleet, ice, and rain can affect the signal reception on Starlink. Fortunately, Starlink Dishes are endowed with a nifty feature to melt snow/ice to facilitate better communication.